Left column, from top to bottom:
- Iron head of Roman pilum.
- Bronze sheath for sword below.
- Sword worn with belt called a parazonium, 10 inches long, iron.
- Short sword called a poniard, bronze.
- Sword, 22 inches long, iron.
- Sword, 25 inches, long, iron. This particular example has an armorer’s mark of Sabini.
- Sword, 23 inches long, iron.
- Sword, 26 inches long, iron. Hilt is ornamented with bronze
- Dacian sword. From Trajan’s Column erected in 113 CE.
Center: Signum, or badge, or Roman cohort, bronze. Found in Asia Minor.
Right column, from top to bottom:
- War-hatchet, iron.
- Head of javelin, 6 inches long, iron.
- Bill, bronze. This particular example was found in Ireland.
- Plain war-hatchet, bronze.
- Plain war-hatchet, bronze. It’s shape shows it is a weapon, not a tool.
- Bill, iron. From the ruins of Pæstum.
- Head of javelin, 11 inches long, iron.
The illustrations and descriptions have been taken from An Illustrated History of Arms and Armour: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, by Auguste Demmin, and translated by Charles Christopher Black. Published in 1894 by George Bell.